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CITE

    18 USC Sec. 1426                                            01/05/2009

EXPCITE

    TITLE 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
    PART I - CRIMES
    CHAPTER 69 - NATIONALITY AND CITIZENSHIP

HEAD

    Sec. 1426. Reproduction of naturalization or citizenship papers

STATUTE

      (a) Whoever falsely makes, forges, alters or counterfeits any
    oath, notice, affidavit, certificate of arrival, declaration of
    intention, certificate or documentary evidence of naturalization or
    citizenship or any order, record, signature, paper or proceeding or
    any copy thereof, required or authorized by any law relating to
    naturalization or citizenship or registry of aliens; or
      (b) Whoever utters, sells, disposes of or uses as true or
    genuine, any false, forged, altered, antedated or counterfeited
    oath, notice, affidavit, certificate of arrival, declaration of
    intention to become a citizen, certificate or documentary evidence
    of naturalization or citizenship, or any order, record, signature
    or other instrument, paper or proceeding required or authorized by
    any law relating to naturalization or citizenship or registry of
    aliens, or any copy thereof, knowing the same to be false, forged,
    altered, antedated or counterfeited; or
      (c) Whoever, with intent unlawfully to use the same, possesses
    any false, forged, altered, antedated or counterfeited certificate
    of arrival, declaration of intention to become a citizen,
    certificate or documentary evidence of naturalization or
    citizenship purporting to have been issued under any law of the
    United States, or copy thereof, knowing the same to be false,
    forged, altered, antedated or counterfeited; or
      (d) Whoever, without lawful authority, engraves or possesses,
    sells or brings into the United States any plate in the likeness or
    similitude of any plate designed, for the printing of a declaration
    of intention, or certificate or documentary evidence of
    naturalization or citizenship; or
      (e) Whoever, without lawful authority, brings into the United
    States any document printed therefrom; or
      (f) Whoever, without lawful authority, possesses any blank
    certificate of arrival, blank declaration of intention or blank
    certificate of naturalization or citizenship provided by the
    Immigration and Naturalization Service, with intent unlawfully to
    use the same; or
      (g) Whoever, with intent unlawfully to use the same, possesses a
    distinctive paper adopted by the proper officer or agency of the
    United States for the printing or engraving of a declaration of
    intention to become a citizen, or certificate of naturalization or
    certificate of citizenship; or
      (h) Whoever, without lawful authority, prints, photographs, makes
    or executes any print or impression in the likeness of a
    certificate of arrival, declaration of intention to become a
    citizen, or certificate of naturalization or citizenship, or any
    part thereof -
      Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 25
    years (if the offense was committed to facilitate an act of
    international terrorism (as defined in section 2331 of this
    title)), 20 years (if the offense was committed to facilitate a
    drug trafficking crime (as defined in section 929(a) of this
    title)), 10 years (in the case of the first or second such offense,
    if the offense was not committed to facilitate such an act of
    international terrorism or a drug trafficking crime), or 15 years
    (in the case of any other offense), or both.

SOURCE

    (June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 767; Pub. L. 103-322, title
    XXXIII, Sec. 330016(1)(K), Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 2147; Pub. L.
    104-208, div. C, title II, Sec. 211(a)(2), Sept. 30, 1996, 110
    Stat. 3009-569; Pub. L. 107-273, div. B, title IV, Sec. 4002(a)(3),
    Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1806.)

HISTORICAL AND REVISION NOTES

      Based on subsections (a) pars. (8)-(12), (16), (17), (20)-(29),
    (b), (d), (l) of section 746 of Title 8, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Aliens
    and Nationality (Oct. 14, 1940, ch. 876, Sec. 346(a) pars. (8)-
    (12), (16), (17), (20)-(29), (b), (d), (l), 54 Stat. 1164-1168).
      Sections consolidates numerous similar paragraphs with necessary
    changes in phraseology and translations.
      References to persons causing, procuring, aiding, abetting, or
    assisting were omitted as unnecessary, such persons being
    principals under definitive section 2 of this title.
                                AMENDMENTS
      2002 - Pub. L. 107-273 substituted "to facilitate" for "to
    facility" in last par.
      1996 - Pub. L. 104-208 substituted "imprisoned not more than 25
    years (if the offense was committed to facilitate an act of
    international terrorism (as defined in section 2331 of this
    title)), 20 years (if the offense was committed to facilitate a
    drug trafficking crime (as defined in section 929(a) of this
    title)), 10 years (in the case of the first or second such offense,
    if the offense was not committed to facility such an act of
    international terrorism or a drug trafficking crime), or 15 years
    (in the case of any other offense)" for "imprisoned not more than
    five years" in last par.
      1994 - Pub. L. 103-322 substituted "fined under this title" for
    "fined not more than $5,000" in last par.
                     EFFECTIVE DATE OF 1996 AMENDMENT
      Amendment by Pub. L. 104-208 applicable with respect to offenses
    occurring on or after Sept. 30, 1996, see section 211(c) of Pub. L.
    104-208, set out as a note under section 1028 of this title.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS

      Functions of all other officers of Department of Justice and
    functions of all agencies and employees of such Department, with a
    few exceptions, transferred to Attorney General, with power vested
    in him to authorize their performance or performance of any of his
    functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by
    Reorg. Plan No. 2 of 1950, Secs. 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F.R.
    3173, 64 Stat. 1261, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government
    Organization and Employees.
    ABOLITION OF IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE AND TRANSFER OF
                                 FUNCTIONS
      For abolition of Immigration and Naturalization Service, transfer
    of functions, and treatment of related references, see note set out
    under section 1551 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
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